The following is a description of principal risks of investing in the Fund which could affect the net asset value and total return of the Fund. There are other circumstances (including additional risks not described here) which could prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective.
Market Risk – The market price of securities owned by the Fund may go up or down, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. Securities may decline in value due to factors affecting securities markets generally or particular industries represented in the securities markets. The value of a security may decline due to general market conditions which are not specifically related to a particular company, such as real or perceived adverse economic conditions, changes in the general outlook for corporate earnings, changes in interest or currency rates or adverse investor sentiment generally.
They may also decline due to factors which affect a particular industry or industries, such as labor shortages or increased production costs and competitive conditions within an industry. During a general downturn in the securities markets, multiple asset classes may decline in value simultaneously. Equity securities generally have greater price volatility than fixed income securities.
Management Risk – The investment techniques and risk analysis used by the Fund’s Adviser may not produce the intended results and could adversely impact the performance of the Fund.
Correlation and Tracking Error Risk – Various factors may impede the Fund’s ability to track the Index or achieve a high degree of correlation with the Index. For example, the Fund has operating and other expenses, while the Index does not. As a result, the Fund may underperform the Index to some degree over time. Changes in securities markets, changes in the composition of the Index, timing of purchases and sales of securities underlying the Index, timing of purchases and sales of Fund shares, rounding of share prices, regulatory developments, portfolio turnover and use of derivatives may all contribute to tracking error and/ or affect the correlation between the Fund and the Index. There can be no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of correlation. Failure to achieve a high degree of correlation may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective.
Passive Investment Strategy Risk – The Fund utilizes a passive investment strategy, which attempts to track the performance of an unmanaged index of securities. The ability of the Fund to achieve significant correlation between the performance of the Fund and the Index may be affected by changes in the securities markets, changes in the composition of the Index, the timing of purchases and redemptions of Fund shares and fees and expenses of the Fund. Any performance better than the Index could be unusual and temporary.
Equity Risk – The values of equity securities may decline due to general market conditions which are not specifically related to a particular company, such as real or perceived adverse economic conditions, changes in the general outlook for corporate earnings, changes in interest or currency rates or adverse investor sentiment generally. They may also decline due to factors which affect a particular industry or industries, such as labor shortages or increased production costs and competitive conditions within an industry. Equity securities generally have greater price volatility than fixed income securities.
Derivatives Risk – The performance of derivative instruments is tied to the performance of an underlying security, currency, index, commodity or other asset. In addition to risks relating to their underlying assets, the use of derivatives may include other, possibly greater, risks. Derivatives involve transaction costs, may be volatile, and may involve a small initial investment relative to the risk assumed. Risks associated with derivatives may include counterparty risk (which refers to the risk that other parties to the derivative contract may fail to meet their obligations), margin, leverage, correlation, liquidity, tax, market, interest rate and management risks, as well as the risk of potential increased regulation of derivatives. Derivatives may be also more difficult to purchase, sell or value than other investments, and the inability of a holder of a derivative instrument to close out a position could cause losses.
Futures Contracts Risk – The Fund may use futures contracts, which are a type of derivative instrument, and thus generally subject to the risks described in “Derivatives Risk” above. A futures contract is a bilateral agreement to buy or sell a security (or deliver a cash settlement price, in the case of a contract relating to an index or otherwise not calling for physical delivery at the end of trading in the contracts) for a set price in the future. The primary risks associated with the use of futures contracts are (a) the imperfect correlation between the change in market value of the instruments held by a Fund and the price of the futures contract; (b) liquidity risks, including the possible absence of a liquid secondary market for a futures contract and the resulting inability to close a futures contract when desired; (c) losses (potentially unlimited) caused by unanticipated market movements; (d) inability to predict correctly the direction of securities prices, interest rates, currency exchange rates and other economic factors; (e) the possibility that a counterparty, clearing member or clearinghouse will default in the performance of its obligations; (f) transaction costs associated with investments in futures, including margin requirements.
Investment in Investment Companies Risk – Investing in other investment companies, including money market funds and exchange-traded funds, subjects the Fund to fees and expenses of, as well as those risks affecting, the investment company, including the possibility that the value of the underlying securities held by the investment company could decrease.
Trading Halt Risk – An exchange or market may issue trading halts on specific securities or instruments, or may close early or late, which will affect the ability of the Fund to buy or sell certain securities or derivatives. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments or may incur substantial trading losses.
All investments carry some degree of risk that will affect the value of the Fund, its investment performance and the price of its shares. As a result, you may lose money if you invest in the Fund.
The shares offered by this Prospectus are not deposits or obligations of any bank, are not endorsed or guaranteed by any bank and are not insured or guaranteed by the U.S. government, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Board or any other government agency.